AI-kona! Don’t confuse artificial intelligence with automation

15 May 2019 | Web Article Number: ME201914544

Automation & Robotics
ICT In Industry
AI-kona! Don’t confuse artificial intelligence with automation

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is often confused with automation, yet the two are fundamentally different.

That’s according to Dr Mark Nasila, FNB’s Chief Analytics Officer for Consumer Banking, who explained that the key difference is that AI mimics human intelligence decisions and actions, while automation focuses on streamlining repetitive, instructive tasks.

“Automation has been around for some time and is probably so integrated into most business operations that it’s not obvious – for example, the auto-generation of marketing emails and SMSs to customers and even customer statements for specific periods.”

Nasila added that automation saves time and money spent on monotonous, voluminous tasks and gives employees an opportunity to apply themselves to more complex processes.

“Artificial intelligence deals with technologies, systems or even processes that competently mimic how human beings make decisions, react to new information, speak, hear, as well as understand language.”

Nasila said it helps to understand machine learning as a subset of artificial intelligence. “Machine learning enables systems and processes to learn from data, identify patterns and recommend decisions without human involvement.

“Deep learning is defined as a subset of machine learning where artificial neural networks – algorithms built around the neural structure of the human brain – learn from data. The same way human beings learn from day-to-day events over time, a deep learning algorithm executes functions repeatedly and continuously learns and adjusts itself to improve accuracy.

“We call them deep learning algorithms because the neural networks have various (deep) layers that enable learning of complex patterns in large amounts of data.”

He used Facebook’s facial recognition application DeepFace as an example. “Facebook uses deep learning to analyse every photo I have ever been tagged in to arrive at a set of features of my face, called a template. The algorithm does the same for millions of other Facebook users based on their unique set of features.

“Let’s say I post a picture of myself on Facebook with a group of people. It will recommend I tag myself when the model is confident that it is me based on a probability score.”

According to Facebook, DeepFace has a 97% success rate in recognising whether two images are of the same person or not – compared to 96% for humans.

Is AI replacing human jobs?

Quite the contrary, said Nasila, citing a report by global IT consulting firm Gartner, which estimated that AI will create around 2.3 million opportunities by the year 2020.

“You’ll find a pool of talented people behind every project. Each use case requires a machine learning team to drive it. Uber, for example, created a whole range of jobs to teach machines how to understand customer demand, traffic and safety.

Nasila believes it’s no different in banking. “There is huge potential for jobs in the future – all it takes is a willingness to adapt to work alongside machines.” – GeekWire.co.za

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